“Being cultured” was one of the main catchphrases of the entire socialist period. It was never fully defined and it meant different things in different contexts. For example, in 1945 the AFZ delineated initial requirements for peasant women to be considered “cultured”. The first part was political as that “every woman in a village must be cultured so that they can understand new government and new rights. They have to understand brotherhood and unity and then they will not spread chauvinistic hatred.” This call for supporting the government was expanded that all peasant women “need to learn how to raise their children properly and to care about hygiene, and they need to know how to rule their household properly”.
To reach the imagined level of “enlightenment”, the AFZ thought the first step was to liquidate illiteracy with the help of its “conscious” activists. For that purpose thousands of literacy courses were organised all over the country while women consisted up to 80% of the courses attendants. For many women this was a life-time chance for social mobility. The success of such courses, however, was limited. Already in 1947 the Party noted that many forget to read and write during the year (Courses were usually organised during the winter when no field works were done). The same problem was repeated year after year.
The ultimate goal of the AFZ to “create an army of conscious, enlightened women from illiterate and unenlightened peasant women, capable for huge and responsible duties in the shortest period of time” never lived up to its promise.